Common Cold is one of the common upper respiratory tract diseases.
It affects billions of people on a global scale, generally it is not life threatening.
Cold lasts for 10 to 15 days and recedes on its own. It affects the most young children because their immune system is still in the developmental stage and seniors because their immunity decreases with old age.
In average adult will experience 2 - 3 episodes of cold annually while children experience up to 5 - 10 sessions of cold. If cold is neglected in its early stage, it can lead to secondary infections like:
- Sinus infection
- Ear infections and
- Sore throat
It is believed that there is no cure for cold. There is also misconception that antibiotics can help, but the side effects of antibiotics can do more harm than good. However, there are many traditional home remedies for cold that can help you have instant relief from the discomfort.
There are more than 200 different types of cold viruses. The most common are:
- Rhinovirus, in most cases (30 - 80%)
- Human coronavirus (15% approximately)
- Influenza virus
- Human respiratory syncytial virus, and
- Cold is highly contagious and viral. Especially, Trives in the low humidity zones. It is quick to spread to other members of the family.
- Running nose
- Nasal congestion and
- Sore throat
- Muscle ache
- Fatigue and
- Loss of appetite
In most cases, it is normal for a post - viral cough to persist, especially for children.