Summer and Winter are bad seasons for colds. If you get a cold, the body will suffer for a few days. You will have runny nose, cough, sore throat and fever, and there may be other more serious symptoms. The worst is that the cold is likely to recur at any time during the next month. So let's take a look at how to prevent colds so that we can be healthy throughout the year.
1. Wash Your Hands
Many people think that getting colds is due to the inhalation of the air of sick people. In fact, contact transmission is the main route of getting a cold. When the cold patient touches his nose, his hands are infected with a cold virus. The virus will be brought to the places where the patient touches, such as door handles, telephones, tables and chairs and car handrails, etc. Once you are exposed to these contaminated objects, your hands will be infected with the virus. If you don't often wash your hands, you are easily infected with a cold. Washing hands is the best way to avoid the infection of common colds or flu viruses. You should wash your hands with soap and water before and after going to the toilet, and before eating.
2. Keep your hands off your face
Do not touch your face with your hands. Do not wipe your eyes with dirty hands, rub your noses or clear your ears. The bacteria on your hands will spread to the face, which may lead to infection.
3. Cough and sneeze into your elbow
When sneezing, cover your nose and mouth with paper towels or elbow to prevent germs from spreading. If you can’t find paper towels, you can cover your mouth and nose with your elbow, so as not to spread the bacteria.
Doing exercise helps prevent colds. Regular exercise can keep your body healthy, decompress and increase your energy. Even if you are sick, you should insist on doing exercise. If you do not have enough energy, you may need to slow down the movement speed.
Drink more water. Do not let your body dehydrate. Men should drink 3100 ml of water a day and women should drink about 2100 ml. This includes water and liquid that you ingest through food. Drinking water can also prevent the nose or throat from becoming dry, and may help prevent colds.
Eat yogurt to increase the good intestinal bacteria. Yogurt is a healthy food which contains probiotics. This good bacterium can help fight the infection. You can also try fermented foods like coconut kefir, sauerkraut, kimchee and kombucha into your diet to get additional probiotics.
Increase zinc intake. Some studies have shown that zinc helps prevent or shorten the course of colds. Eat foosd which are rich in zinc, including beef or lamb, seafood, spinach, cashews and beans. However, do not take too much zinc. A daily intake of more than 40 mg can cause headaches, drowsiness, dizziness and other symptoms. Some studies have shown that zinc can shorten the course of cold for adults, but may not be useful for children.
8. Eat immune boosting Foods
Eat immune boosting food to enhance immunity. Many foods contain important vitamins or antioxidants that help fight infections, including: orange, apple, papaya, grapefruit, fish, garlic and so on.
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9. Vitamin C
Increase the intake of vitamin C. It can help the body against the cold. Some studies have shown that vitamin C can also shorten the course of colds. Drink diluted orange juice to increase the intake of vitamin C and water. However, the juice contains sugar, so do not drink too much. A daily intake of about 250 to 500 mg of vitamin C is suggested.
Sleep longer than usual, so that the body can get the rest needed to recover. The daily operation of the body can cause damage to the immune system cells. Full rest can help cell reconstruction, so that the body can work more effectively and efficiently.